The American Museum of Natural History is a landmark on the Upper West Side, Manhattan, New York, USA. The museum has a scientific staff of more than 200, and sponsors over 100 special field expeditions each year.
In 1874, ground was broken for the present building, which occupies most of Manhattan Square. The original neo-Gothic range (1874–1877), by Calvert Vaux and Jacob Wrey Mould, who were collaborating with Frederick Law Olmsted in structures for Central Park, was soon eclipsed by the South range of the museum, by J. Cleaveland Cady, a robust exercise in rusticated brownstone neo-Romanesque, influenced by H. H. Richardson. A triumphal Roman entrance on Central Park West, (see illustration) completed by John Russell Pope in 1936, is an overscaled Beaux-Arts monument to Teddy Roosevelt. It leads to a vast Roman basilica, where the skeleton of a rearing Barosaurus defending her young from an Allosaurus, is not lost in the general monumentality.
Famous names associated with AMNH include the paleontologist and geologist Henry Fairfield Osborn, president for many years; the dinosaur-hunter of the Gobi Desert, Roy Chapman Andrews (one of the inspirations for Indiana Jones), George Gaylord Simpson, biologist Ernst Mayr, pioneer cultural anthropologists Franz Boas and Margaret Mead, and ornithologist Robert Cushman Murphy. J. P. Morgan was among famous benefactors of the Museum.
The Museum boasts habitat groups of African, Asian and North American mammals, the full-size model of a Blue Whale suspended in the Milstein Family Hall of Ocean Life (reopened in 2003), the 62-foot Haida carved and painted war canoe from the Pacific Northwest, and the "Star of India", the largest blue sapphire in the world. The circuit of an entire floor is devoted to vertebrate evolution, including the world-famous dinosaurs.
Hall of Saurischian Dinosaurs
This hall is perhaps one of the museum's most beloved, and features many star specimens. These include a complete Tyrannosaurus skeleton, an Apatosaurus reconstruction, and several other remarkable specimens.
Hall of Ornithischian Dinosaurs
The museum can be easily reached by the B and C lines of the New York City subway, via a subway stop directly adjacent to the museum. The Museum offers a wide range of membership categories, with prices ranging from $55 for individual, to $750 for sponsors.
Areas of their special research projects include:
- Conservation of biodiversity
- Vertebrate zoology, including
- Invertebrate zoology
- Genomics (Institute for Comparative Genomics)
- Physical sciences
The museum in popular culture
- In J.D. Salinger's book The Catcher in the Rye, the protagonist Holden Caulfield at one point finds himself heading towards the museum, reflecting on past visits and remarking that what he likes is the permanence of the exhibits there.
- On early seasons of Friends, Ross Geller worked at the museum.
- The museum in the film Night at the Museum is based on the AMNH. The interior scenes were shot at a sound stage in Vancouver, Canada, but exterior shots of the museum's façade were done at the AMNH. Museum officials have credited the film for increasing the number of visitors during the holiday season in 2006 by almost 20%. According to a museum official, there were 50,000 more visitors than 2005 between December 22 and January 2.
- The museum has appeared repeatedly in the fiction of dark fantasy author Caitlín R. Kiernan, including appearances in her fifth novel Daughter of Hounds, her work on the DC/Vertigo comic book The Dreaming (#47, "Trinket"), and many of her short stories, including "Valentia" and "Onion" (both collected in To Charles Fort, With Love, 2005).
- List of museums and cultural institutions in New York City
- Education in New York City
- Margaret Mead Film Festival
- Night at the Museum
- History of the AMNH
- American Museum of Natural History at About.com
- AMNH American Museum of Natural History main website
- Seminars on Science Online graduate science courses for educators
- OLogy AMNH's site for kids devoted to the various kinds of studies.
- Early history of the AMNH
- AMNH Research department websites
- AMNH Informatics Department
- Newyork-evasion gallery of photographs
- Museum shop with a wide variety of gifts categorized by kind and price range.
- Library collection is searchable online.
- Anthropology Division online databases.
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